© Christian Maryska


Ulrike Krippner

was trained as a landscape architect and worked in landscape architecture studios in the field of parks, gardens and historic sites. Besides, she joined the Institute of Landscape Architecture at the BOKU Universität für Bodenkultur Vienna in 2001. Since 2006, her research focuses on the maturation of landscape architecture in Austria from the 1900s to the 1970s, by looking at individuals as well as studying structure and development of the profession, or examining designed landscapes like the WIG Wiener Internationale Gartenschau 1964 and 1974. In 2010, Ulrike Krippner was granted a summer fellowship in Dumbarton Oaks, Washington D.C., where she followed her research on exiled Austrian garden architects. Recently, she has published several articles, papers, and presentations on women in Austrian horticulture and garden architecture. These publications will be part of her doctoral thesis on Viennese Jewish women garden architects.

The Private Gardens of the Austrian Landscape Architect Josef Wladar (1900-2002)

Since the year 2003 the Institute of Landscape Architecture at the BOKU – Universität für Bodenkultur Vienna – has owned the legacy of the almost forgotten Austrian landscape architect Josef Oskar Wladar. During the 70 years of his professional activity Wladar has designed about 400 datable open spaces. Nearly half of these projects are private gardens. Although the designing of private gardens constitute the largest part of construction projects for landscapes architects in the 20th century, this typology of open spaces remains insufficiently researched up to today. Private gardens are especially subject to fashion trends and are potentially endangered monuments.

For these reasons I will present a number of private gardens from the legacy of Wladar. Well documented projects are arranged in chronological order to show the development trends in the work of Wladar. Making the design principles visible – in dealing with the site or in the frequency of its use – we get an understanding of the working methods of this landscape architect. In particularly due the preservation of his legacy, Wladar is a representative of the profession of the Austrian landscape architects of the 20th century.